Docker is an application to package and run any application in a pre-configured container making it much easier to deploy a Xibo CMS with recommended configuration.
There are 2 Docker products for 64 bit Windows, "Docker for Windows" and "Docker Toolbox". If you are running a 64 bit version of Windows other than Windows 10 Professional, then Docker Toolbox is the version of Docker you should install.
You can download the Docker Toolbox installer from the Docker website, and follow their guide to getting Docker installed. See - docs.docker.com - Docker Toolbox Install. Docker Toolbox comes with Docker Compose, so all the requirements are met installing that single package.
Using the default settings, you must extract/install the Xibo CMS
C:\Users directory for correct operation. Using an alternative
location will cause your uploaded content and layouts to be lost.
The Docker system will be running in a VirtualBox virtual machine, which will be created in NAT mode. The resulting Docker containers will therefore be accessible from the IP address assigned to the Docker Toolbox VM, rather than your local machine (localhost as given in the install guide).
You can discover this IP address by running
Once your CMS is installed, you will likely want to make the CMS available to other systems on your network. To do so:
- Open VirtualBox
- Find the Docker Virtual Machine (often called
- Right click on it, and select
Move to the
Networktab, and on
Adapter 1, click on
- Click on
Add rules for HTTP on Port 80, and XMR on port
9505. (The ssh rule is pre-existing and should be left intact)
OKagain to close the
For the rest of this guide you will need to use the
Docker Toolbox Quickstart Terminal command prompt. You cannot use the Windows Command prompt or
PowerShell. You'll find a link to the Quickstart Terminal on your Desktop.
The latest Xibo Docker installation files can be downloaded from our website.
The archive should be extracted in a suitable location on your host machine we'd
c:\Users\Xibo. Your library content and database will be written under this
Please note that the archive already contains a sub-folder called Xibo-docker, which is best practice for archives! For the subsequent instructions please make sure you are inside the sub-folder contained in the archive.
The first time Xibo is installed a configuration file is needed to
tell Docker how the environment is configured. This file is called
This file covers where you want files to be stored, email config, etc.
A template file with detailed instructions is provided in the release archive
and is called
config.env.template. Take a copy of this file, renaming to
config.env and then edit the file in a text editor, e.g. notepad, atom, etc.
If you don't want Xibo to be able to send email messages, then you can omit to configure those options.
Docker will map data folders to contain database data and any custom files for
the CMS. These will default appear in the folder containing the release archive
Using different ports
By default, Xibo will start a web server listening on port 80. If you
already have a web server listening on port 80 of your host machine, or would
prefer to use an alternative port number, then you need to copy the
cms_custom-ports.yml.template file and change the
ports section for
cms-web. The file should be saved as
Similarly, Xibo's XMR server will be started listening on port 9505.
If you would prefer to use an alternative port number, then you'll need to do so
by copying the
cms_custom-ports.yml.template file and changing the
The ports section of a Docker Compose YML file lists ports in the format
<host>:<container> - to move to port 8080 the declaration would be
To use this file replace any
docker-compose up -d commands in the below
docker-compose -f cms_custom-ports.yml up -d.
docker-compose.yml file includes a container for MySQL, however it
is possible to run with an external / remote MySQL instance as the database for
To do this base the
config.env file on the template
config.evn.template-remote-mysql and replace any
docker-compose up -d
commands in the below instructions with
docker-compose -f cms_remote-mysql.yml up -d.
Xibo should be run over SSL if running on anything other than a
secure private network. The Docker containers do not provide SSL and this must
be provided by an external web server which handles SSL termination and reverse
proxy into the
There are many good resources for achieving this architecture - for example a nginx-proxy container could be used.
If you already have a web server running on your Host machine, configuring a
reverse proxy should be straightforward, an example
VirtualHost for Apache is
below, it assumes you've configured your custom ports for port 8080:
Listen 443 NameVirtualHost *:443 <VirtualHost *:443> SSLEngine On ProxyPreserveHost On RequestHeader set X-Forwarded-Proto "https" # Set the path to SSL certificate # Usage: SSLCertificateFile /path/to/cert.pem SSLCertificateFile /etc/apache2/ssl/file.pem # Servers to proxy the connection, or; # List of application servers: # Usage: # ProxyPass / http://[IP Addr.]:[port]/ # ProxyPassReverse / http://[IP Addr.]:[port]/ # Example: ProxyPass / http://0.0.0.0:8080/ ProxyPassReverse / http://0.0.0.0:8080/ </VirtualHost>
A worked example for setting up an Apache reverse proxy for SSL with LetsEncrypt SSL certificates can be found here.
Once you've made your changes to
config.env and have saved the file, Open a
terminal/command window in the folder where you extracted the archive. As a user
who has permissions to run the
docker command, simply run the following
command in PowerShell.
docker-compose up -d
This will bootstrap and start your Xibo CMS. The CMS will be fully installed with the default credentials.
Username: Xibo_admin Password: password
You should log on to the CMS straight away and change the password on that account.
Find the IP address of the Docker Toolbox Virtual Machine. You can discover this
IP address by running
docker-machine ip from the
Docker Toolbox Quickstart Terminal. If you configured an alternative port number then be sure to add that
to the URL, for example
At this point you should check to ensure that a
shared folder has been created inside your installation folder and contains sub folders for cms, db and backup. If it hasn't, then it might be that Docker Toolbox doesn't have permission to create the files on your system. To solve this problem you need to add
command: --innodb_use_native_aio=0 to bottom of your
cms-db service block in your
If you are running a the Windows or a 3rd party firewall on your computer you will need to allow the ports you've configured the CMS to run on inbound. If you haven't specifically configured alternative ports, then the following is required:
- Inbound TCP Port 9505 (for XMR Push Messaging)
- Inbound TCP Port 80 (for HTTP Traffic) AND/OR
- Inbound TCP Port 443 (for HTTPS Traffic - if you are using SSL)
Configuration of XMR public address
Docker cannot reasonably know the DNS name or IP address of your host machine, and therefore it is necessary to configure the XMR Public Address in CMS Settings when first logged in. This only needs to be done on the first bootstrap.
This can be found on the CMS Settings page under Administration, on the Display tab.
The format of the address is:
<port> is 9505 and should be set to that unless you have specified
a custom port in your docker-compose configuration.
Once the CMS containers have been initialised with
docker-compose up -d, it
is possible to start and stop them without removing the underlying container.
stop command will stop the Xibo CMS services running. If you
want to start them up again, issue the
docker-compose stop docker-compose start
The CMS installation and its associated containers can be completely removed by
Before running docker-compose down, please be sure that your media and
database files are being correctly written to the
shared directory. To do so,
upload for example an image in to the CMS, and check that the same image
appears in the
shared/cms/library directory. Another good check is to make
shared/backup/db/latest.tar.gz was created within the last 24
hours. If either of those checks fail, please do not run
docker-compose down as this will lead to data loss. Seek support to resolve the situation.
If your intention is to remove all traces of Xibo you may delete
c:\Xibo folder after running the
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This documentation is licensed under the Creative Commons Licence.