Twitter

The Twitter Module provides access to the Twitter Search API. Add the Twitter Widget to Layouts to display Twitter feeds.

Granted access is to read data only.

The main set-up is provided as part of the service for Xibo in the Cloud customers. Please follow the simplified process below to connect to the Twitter API.

  • Select Modules from the Administration section of the menu.
  • Click on the row menu for the Twitter Provider (Twitter Search) Module and select Connect to Twitter.
  • A form will open which has a Login with Twitter button which allows authorisation for the CMS to connect via a Twitter account.
  • Follow the on-screen instructions to authorise.

Skip the installation section below and go straight to the Add Twitter Widget section.

Non-Xibo in the Cloud customers please follow the full installation steps as detailed below.

Installation

Access to the Twitter API is protected and so users must register for an API key which is then entered into the Twitter Module in the Xibo CMS.

Connecting to Twitter

  • Obtain an API key and API secret from Twitter and then log in to your Twitter account.

Please note: You will need to apply for a Twitter developer account if you are not already approved, using the above Twitter link.

  • Complete the required fields and accept the Terms of Service.
  • Solve the CAPTCHA and submit the form.
  • Make a note of the generated consumer key (API key) and consumer secret (API secret).

Twitter Module Installation

  • Select the Modules page under the Administration section and install the Twitter Module.
  • Once installed click on the row menu for the Twitter Module and click Edit.
  • Enter the generated API key and API secret.
  • Optionally adjust the Cache Period to determine how long to cache a results set for each Twitter search.

Setting a low value can cause your access to the Twitter API to be disabled for generating too many requests.

Add Twitter Widget

Click on the Twitter Widget on the toolbar, add / drag to the target Region. Twitter Widget

If you are using 1.8, select Twitter from the Widget Toolbox to add to your Region Timeline and complete the form fields as explained below.

General

  • Provide an optional name
  • Choose to override the default duration
  • Select whether the duration is per item, unticked the duration will be per feed.

Configuration

Twitter Configuration

  • Provide a search term to return applicable Tweets
  • Select the language to use
  • Choose to return Tweets based on popularity, most recent or a mixture of results
  • Select how many miles away from your location Tweets should be returned from. 0 has no restrictions
  • Select to remove Mentions from returned Tweet text
  • Select to remove Hashtags from returned Tweet text
  • Select to remove URLs from returned Tweet Text

To return Tweets from a specific account rather than all Tweets that contain the accounts @ handle, use from: before the name of the account in the Search Term field.

Most URL’s do not compliment digital signage and so we would recommend having Remove URLs selected.

Appearance

  • Optionally add a background colour
  • Select the number of Tweets to return, left blank will return the default number of 15
  • Select the number of Tweets to show per page, left blank will show the default number of 5 Tweets.
  • Apply a date format to be used for returned results, in PHP date format (see bottom of page)
  • Select an optional effect/speed to be used to transition between Tweets.

Templates

Select Preset templates or provide your own using JavaScript.

Twitter Templates

Preset - Use the drop-down to select an appropriate template.

Override the template - Tick in the box to edit the selected template. Please see the section on Overriding Templates below for further information.

Provide a No Tweets Message to display when there are no Tweets to return, based on the search query.

Caching

Include a suitable time for the Update Interval in minutes, keeping it as high as possible. This determines how often the Module will request data from your feed.

Overriding Templates

Templates can be edited by selecting a template and using the drop-down. Use the tick box to Override the template.

Click again on the Templates tab to see the available templates to edit:

Override Template

Main Template

Toggle On the Visual editor to access the inline editor. Click in the preview window to open.

Use the inline editor to enter text and formatting. Use the Snippets menu to include merge text fields.

If you are using 1.8 the following substitutions are available for use: [Tweet][User] [ScreenName][Date] [ProfileImage][Photo]

PHP - Date Format

Xibo should accept any date format that is in a correct PHP date format, the following characters are recognised and can be used:

Format Character Description Example returned values
Day
d Day of the month, 2 digits with leading zeros 01 to 31
D A textual representation of a day, three letters Mon through Sun
j Day of the month without leading zeros 1 to 31
l (lowercase ‘L’) A full textual representation of the day of the week Sunday through Saturday
N ISO-8601 numeric representation of the day of the week (added in PHP 5.1.0) 1 (for Monday) through 7 (for Sunday)
S English ordinal suffix for the day of the month, 2 characters st, nd, rd or th. Works well with j
w Numeric representation of the day of the week 0 (for Sunday) through 6 (for Saturday)
z The day of the year (starting from 0) 0 through 365
Week
W ISO-8601 week number of year, weeks starting on Monday (added in PHP 4.1.0) 42 (the 42nd week in the year)
Month
F A full textual representation of a month, such as January or March January through December
m Numeric representation of a month, with leading zeros 01 through 12
M A short textual representation of a month, three letters Jan through Dec
n Numeric representation of a month, without leading zeros 1 through 12
t Number of days in the given month 28 through 31
Year
L Whether it’s a leap year 1 if it is a leap year, 0 otherwise.
o ISO-8601 year number. This has the same value as Y, except that if the ISO week number (W) belongs to the previous or next year, that year is used instead. (added in PHP 5.1.0) 1999 or 2003
Y A full numeric representation of a year, 4 digits 1999 or 2003
y A two digit representation of a year 99 or 0
Time
a Lowercase Ante meridiem and Post meridiem am or pm
A Uppercase Ante meridiem and Post meridiem AM or PM
B Swatch Internet time 000 through 999
g 12-hour format of an hour without leading zeros 1 through 12
G 24-hour format of an hour without leading zeros 0 through 23
h 12-hour format of an hour with leading zeros 01 through 12
H 24-hour format of an hour with leading zeros 00 through 23
i Minutes with leading zeros 00 to 59
s Seconds, with leading zeros 00 through 59
u Microseconds (added in PHP 5.2.2). Note that date() will always generate 000000 since it takes an integer parameter, whereas DateTime::format() does support microseconds if DateTime was created with microseconds. 654321
Timezone
e Timezone identifier (added in PHP 5.1.0) UTC, GMT, Atlantic/Azores
I (capital i) Whether or not the date is in daylight saving time 1 if Daylight Saving Time, 0 otherwise.
O Difference to Greenwich time (GMT) in hours +0200
P Difference to Greenwich time (GMT) with colon between hours and minutes (added in PHP 5.1.3) +02:00
T Timezone abbreviation EST, MDT …
Z Timezone offset in seconds. The offset for timezones west of UTC is always negative, and for those east of UTC is always positive. -43200 through 50400
Full Date/Time
c ISO 8601 date (added in PHP 5) 2004-02-12T15:19:21+00:00
r » RFC 2822 formatted date Thu, 21 Dec 2000 16:01:07 +0200

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